The Mind-Gut Connection: What is it?
04 Mar 2020
By Sarah Nankervis, Naturopath & Nutritionist
Have you ever had a “gut-wrenching” experience? Do certain situations make you “feel nauseous”? Have you ever felt “butterflies” in your stomach? We use these expressions for a reason. Our gut is sensitive to emotion; anger, anxiety, sadness, happiness – all of these feelings (and others) can trigger symptoms in the gut.
The brain and the gut have a lot in common, including the ways in which nerve cells talk to each other. Studies show that people with digestive-based problems and disease (e.g. coeliac disease, Chrohn’s disease and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)) are significantly more likely to suffer from anxiety, depression and mood disorders. A review of a recent study showed that 94 per cent of people with mood disorders such as major depression and anxiety also suffer from IBS.
The mind has a direct effect on the stomach and just the thought of eating can release the stomach’s digestive juices before food even reaches the mouth! Have you ever thought about lemons and your mouth has watered? This connection goes both ways. A troubled gut can send signals to the mind just as a troubled mind can send signals to the gut.
The gut is imbedded with its own nervous system called the ‘enteric nervous system’ or as we like to call it ‘the second brain’, which contains over 100 million neurons (messengers) telling the body what to do or feel.
These clever little neurons in our second brain enable us to ‘feel’ the inner world of our gut. Breaking down food, absorbing nutrients and getting rid of waste requires chemical processing, mechanical mixing and rhythmic muscle contractions that move everything on down the line, and our enteric nervous system uses more than 30 neurotransmitters, just like the brain, to do all of these clever things! In fact, 95 per cent of the body’s serotonin (happy chemical) is found in the bowels. Serotonin, which helps to regulate mood, is one of the most powerful neurotransmitters produced in the gut and affects many aspects of the gut’s function, including:
- It changes the motility of the bowels (how fast food moves through the digestive system).
- It affects how much fluid, such as mucus, is secreted in the intestines.
- It affects how sensitive the intestines are to sensations like pain and fullness.
People with IBS who have constipation often have lower-than-normal levels of serotonin, and others who have diarrhoea tend to have too much serotonin. More and more research is showing that an imbalanced gut can cause a decrease or increase in our serotonin production, thus causing more issues with the mind such as depression and anxiety. Fix the gut and mood improves!
An imbalance in your gut can be associated with the following health conditions;
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Coeliac Disease
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Obesity or struggle to lose weight
- Food intolerances
- Fatigue and low mood
- Hormonal imbalances
- Thrush and antibiotic use
If you can relate to any of the above then feel free to chat with us further via email or phone (details below).